Many hormonal changes occur throughout pregnancy. Estrogen sites are found throughout the tissues and constant hormonal changes combined with increased levels of bacteria and plaque contribute to inflammation, and bleeding known as pregnancy gingivitis.
Women with moderate to severe periodontal disease are at risk of having pre-term low birth weight babies. Low birth weight babies compared to normal birth weight babies are at greater risk of neurodevelopment, respiratory problems and demonstrate behavioral problems including attention deficient disorder. So controlling your periodontal condition is extremely import to a healthy baby.
If you Plan to become Pregnant
If you plan to become pregnant be sure to visit our dental office for a check-up and treat any existing oral problems prior to becoming pregnant. Have frequent dental cleanings to help control plaque and bacteria. A healthy diet during pregnancy will help to eliminate any dental problems, substituting healthy food such as fruits, vegetables and dairy for sweets.
If you are pregnant
First and foremost, advise the office prior to any treatment that you are pregnant, and of any history of complications during pregnancy. Avoid dental X-rays, antibiotics (especially tetracycline) and pain medications during the first trimester unless it is absolutely necessary!
Schedule your dental visit during the fourth to sixth month of pregnancy. The first three months is a critical time for fetal development. During your last trimester, dental stress can induce labor and increase the incidence of prenatal complications.
Teeth and gums need extra attention during pregnancy so brushing and flossing, balanced diet and frequent dental visits will help reduce any dental problems associated with pregnancy.
Reducing the Risk
Gum disease can be controlled. Regular hygiene appointments based on your periodontal assessment and customized oral hygiene programs appropriate for your needs are recommended to reduce systematic risks associated with gum disease.